Data from: Temporal and contextual consistency of leadership in homing pigeon flocks

When using this dataset, please cite the original article.

Santos CD, Neupert S, Lipp H-P, Wikelski M, Dechmann D (2014) Temporal and contextual consistency of leadership in homing pigeon flocks. PLOS ONE 9(7): e102771. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102771

Additionally, please cite the Movebank data package:

Santos CD, Neupert S, Lipp H, Wikelski M, Dechmann D (2014) Data from: Temporal and contextual consistency of leadership in homing pigeon flocks. Movebank Data Repository. doi:10.5441/001/1.33159h1h
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Package Identifier doi:10.5441/001/1.33159h1h  
 
Abstract Organized flight of homing pigeons (Columba livia) was previously shown to rely on simple leadership rules between flock mates, yet the stability of this social structuring over time and across different contexts remains unclear. We quantified the repeatability of leadership-based flock structures within a flight and across multiple flights conducted with the same animals. We compared two contexts of flock composition: flocks of birds of the same age and flight experience; and, flocks of birds of different ages and flight experience. All flocks displayed consistent leadership-based structures over time, showing that individuals have stable roles in the navigational decisions of the flock. However, flocks of balanced age and flight experience exhibited reduced leadership stability, indicating that these factors promote flock structuring. Our study empirically demonstrates that leadership and followership are consistent behaviours in homing pigeon flocks, but such consistency is affected by the heterogeneity of individual flight experiences and/or age. Similar evidence from other species suggests leadership as an important mechanism for coordinated motion in small groups of animals with strong social bonds.
Keywords animal movement, animal navigation, collective motion, Columba livia, homing pigeon, social navigation,

Leadership in homing pigeon flocks (Columba livia) (data from Santos et al. 2014) View File Details
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Download: Leadership in homing pigeon flocks (Columba livia) (data from Santos et al. 2014).csv ( 48.65Mb )
To the extent possible under law, the authors have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this data.  



Leadership in homing pigeon flocks (Columba livia) (data from Santos et al. 2014)-reference-data View File Details
Download: README.txt ( 11.25Kb )
Download: Leadership in homing pigeon flocks (Columba livia) (data from Santos et al. 2014)-reference-data.csv ( 11.24Kb )
To the extent possible under law, the authors have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this data.  


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